In a report published on 29 March 2018 entitled Status Report on Phase 1 of the New Infrastructure Plan, the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) noted that „more than half of the funds for short-term stimulus plans are now spent beyond 2016-17 and 2017-18.“ According to PBO, this delay in infrastructure spending has significantly reduced the expected economic impact of Phase 1: in the future, proponents will have to consider the impact on climate change during the planning and design phase of an infrastructure project. They will need to assess whether their project will reduce or increase greenhouse gas emissions and whether it will withstand climate change. Supporters must submit the results of the evaluation to Infrastructure Canada for review during the project approval process. Infrastructure Canada has developed its own policies, but it can also accept equivalent assessments developed by the provinces and territories.25 In Budget 2016, the Government of Canada introduced its new infrastructure plan called Investing in Canada. Phase I of the plan outlined investments of approximately $11.9 billion over five years, starting in 2016, in green infrastructure, drinking water treatment systems and wastewater treatment systems, public transportation systems and social infrastructure.4 The breakdown of funding was as follows: the Canadian and Saskatchewan governments signed a bilateral agreement for Canada`s Infrastructure Investment Program (ICIP) in October 2018. The program will provide more than $896 million in federal funding over 10 years by 2028 for all types of Saskatchewan infrastructure projects. Joint funding by the federal government, provinces and municipalities under the „Invest in Canada“ infrastructure plan will support six public transit projects in the City of Burlington. These investments will support more accessible and sustainable public transportation for municipalities. To support funding, Infrastructure Canada (on behalf of the Government of Canada) worked closely with Canada`s 13 provinces and territories to negotiate and sign funding agreements. Agreements have been signed with the provinces and territories on the following funds: the Parliamentary Budget Delegate (PBO), the House of Commons Standing Committee on Transportation, Infrastructure and Municipalities, and the Senate Standing Committee on National Finance have all reviewed the federal government`s infrastructure spending. They found that federal resources allocated to Phase I of the plan were below the 2016 budget.
According to a PBO report, these delays were mainly due to delays in implementation at the provincial or local level. Investments in the B.C. Infrastructure Program – Investments in cost-sharing infrastructure between the governments of Canada and British Columbia, local governments and other partners. As part of the Investment Plan in Canada, the Canadian government has committed to provide more than $187 billion in infrastructure funding over 12 years, including through bilateral agreements with the provinces and territories. Infrastructure Canada is the government agency responsible for coordinating Canada`s investment plan and reporting on results; However, the investments made under the plan are made by 14 federal departments and agencies.